The Russian Bear Dog is a large, powerful and agile dog that was bred by the Russians to hunt bears. They are considered one of the most effective hunting dogs in history and have been used as a model for other breeds that include German Shepherds, American Pitbulls and Belgian Malinois. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog on the other hand is an intelligent working dog originally from Georgia though they can also be found in countries such as Afghanistan or Azerbaijan where they work alongside nomadic tribesmen guarding livestock or herding sheep.

The “tibetan mastiff russian bear dog” is a large, robust breed of dog that has been bred for centuries in Tibet. The “Russian Bear Dog/Caucasian Shepherd Dog” was developed by Russian and Armenian shepherds who crossbred the Tibetan Mastiff with their own dogs to create a more agile guard dog.

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Some people are obsessed with large canines, and there are few larger than the Caucasian shepherd dog, also known as the Russian bear dog or Caucasian ovcharka. 

These massive canines, who were bred in the Soviet Union throughout the twentieth century, spend much of their time lounging about, but they know how to respond when danger hits. When protecting their area, they may take down bears, jackals, and wolves.

A Russian bear dog may be a fantastic companion if you want a massive, low-energy dog or a serious guard dog, but they demand an experienced dog owner who understands how to teach independent puppies and show them who is boss when the time comes.

Russian Bear Dog

Continue reading to learn all you need to know about the Caucasian shepherd dog so you can determine whether it’s the ideal animal for you.

Vital Statistics for Caucasian Shepherd Dogs

  • From the Soviet Union, a large breed.
  • Breeds that are purebred or standardized
  • 23-30 inches in height
  • 70-170 pound range
  • Life expectancy is 10-12 years.
  • Very good for you
  • Low energy and physical activity needs
  • Terrific watchdogs
  • From an early age, socializing is required.
  • Owners with a lot of experience are best.

The Caucasian Ovcharka has a long and illustrious history.

The Caucasian shepherd dog goes by many names, however it is not to be confused with the King shepherd or the Shiloh shepherd, which are two other breeds.

For ages, huge shepherd dogs have been employed to defend households and cattle in the Caucasus area of the globe from enormous predatory creatures such as wolves, jackals, and bears.

The Soviet Union chose in the 1920s to start aggressively breeding the finest mountain dogs and other breeds found in Southern Russia’s Caucasus and Steppe areas.

Cynologist Aleksandr Mazover was the first to formally characterize the breed, noting that it is most widespread and of the highest quality in the area around Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Dagestan.

The dogs originally appeared outside of the Soviet Union in Germany in the 1930s, and from there they began to act as security dogs, bear hunting dogs, and even prison guards all over the globe.

In 1984, the Federation Cynologique Internationale officially recognized the breed. Most kennel clubs across the world have acknowledged it since then, but not the American Kennel Club.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) classifies the breed as “emerging” and includes it as a foundation stock breed.

Size & Appearance

Caucasian Shepherds are frequently referred to as Russian bear dogs, not only because they can hunt bears, but also because they are practically as big as bears!

They are 23 to 30 inches tall at the withers, with the males being much bigger than the females.

Males typically stand 72-75 cm tall, while females stand 67-70 cm tall. Female dogs must weigh at least 99 pounds (40 kilograms) and male dogs must weigh at least 110 pounds (50 kilograms), however they may weigh up to 170 pounds.

They have a robust and powerful build, as well as a fluffy coat that may make them look much larger than they are. They have a thick double coat that combines a delicate inner layer with a rougher outer layer to protect them from the outdoors.

Their coats may range in length from extremely long to quite short. They will have a mane around their neck if they have a long coat, but not if they have a short coat. On a medium-length coat, feathering is common.

When looking at them as puppies, it might be impossible to determine what sort of coat they will have, but regardless of length, they will shed a lot. They shed all year, but during the two yearly shedding seasons, they shed much more.

Brushing them on a daily basis is necessary to maintain their coat in excellent shape, and taking them to a professional groomer during their shedding season is a wonderful idea. Otherwise, they may get a balding appearance.

White to rust are common hues, and practically all Caucasian shepherd dogs have black patterns on their bodies.

Personality And Temperament

These canines have the appearance of bears and the behavior of bears.

They are low-energy, lethargic creatures that like to flop about rather than run and play most of the time, yet they are fearless when they detect danger and may use their size and power to defend themselves and their families.

Because of their innate guarding nature, as well as their immense size and weight, they may be quite difficult to manage.

They need someone who can teach and command canines while also remaining cool and in command when situations threaten to spiral out of hand.

Russian bear dogs are both clever and autonomous, having been taught to guard animals and make split-second life-or-death choices on their own.

They will want to judge if the visitor at the door is a danger or not without consulting you, and this instinct will be tough to teach out of them.

While totally training them out of this is impossible, you may teach them the desired reaction by socializing them from an early age.

As soon as you bring them home, introduce them to other animals and people so that they may learn to distinguish between friends and foes.

They may be violent towards strangers and overly provocative towards other animals if they don’t have this. In certain situations, they may be both boisterous and threatening.

Their large size necessitates a large house with plenty of room for them to roam.

They take up a lot of room, even when they spend the most of the day laid down on something comfortable. When they are outdoors, it is critical that they be properly walled in, as they may attempt to flee by attacking a “scary” automobile.

While they thrive in a large backyard with plenty of room to wander, even a large yard isn’t enough to keep them active and healthy.

They are very indolent when left to their own devices. To be strong and healthy, they require at least two 15-minute workout sessions every day.

While they may seem to be lethargic, they have the stamina to accompany you on a lengthy walk or trip, and they may even enjoy it if they receive regular exercise.

You can’t expect them to undertake a Christmas trek after allowing them to sit on the sofa for 12 months of the year.

Russian bear dogs are wonderful family pets when properly taught and socialized. They like cuddling and will protect their owners.

If you have little children, don’t leave them alone since their size might create mishaps; nevertheless, they don’t tend to run and jump about, so they won’t knock over furniture or other objects in the house.

They make excellent guard dogs, but for most people, they are definitely overkill in terms of house security. They will, however, frighten people away.

Because Caucasian shepherd dogs are such an uncommon breed outside of select parts of the former Soviet Union, there are no data on bites from them. They will only bite if they feel threatened, but it’s something to keep in mind.

These dogs, unlike many other dog breeds, will not become destructive if left alone at home.

You’ll probably find them where you left them when you get home, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t bored and irritated. They like spending time with their loved ones and are happiest when they are with them.

Health Issues with Caucasian Shepherd Dogs

Caucasian shepherd dogs are substantially healthier than many purebred dogs since they are a relatively recent breed that was developed for functional rather than cosmetic reasons. They live for 10-12 years, which is quite lengthy for a dog of their size.

Hip dysplasia, which is prevalent in most bigger dog breeds, is one of the biggest health issues with Russian bear dogs.

Responsible breeders will not breed dogs with this issue, while irresponsible breeders will not test for it. Environmental variables might also have an impact on their chances of developing this condition.

Overexertion at a young age is the leading cause of hip dysplasia in dogs. Avoid overexerting these puppies before they reach the age of three months, as repetitive activities in the joint might induce or aggravate joint malformation.

As a general guideline, infants should get five minutes of exercise every month of age, so at four months, they only require 20 minutes of activity per day.

Stiffness, trouble moving, sleepiness, irritation, biting or clawing the joint, and a bunny hop stride that limits joint mobility are all symptoms that they have hip problems.

Obesity is another huge health issue for these dogs since they don’t want to exercise. This frequently happens when individuals approach middle age, when their already low energy levels become even lower.

As a result, it is essential to keep track of their nutrition and activity. Control your calories and make sure you’re exercising for roughly 15 minutes twice a day. Don’t rely on them to let off steam by running around the yard.

More information on how to properly exercise your puppy may be found here.

Always choose foods that are high in animal protein and healthful animal-based fats while shopping for them. It is preferable to feed these dogs basic meals such as beef and chicken rather than more unusual meats.

Grain-containing dog diets are good for these dogs, who don’t have grain allergies; however, beans, peas, and potatoes, which are often used as grain alternatives in grain-free feeds, might cause issues.

These have been related to cardiac issues because they may obstruct these dogs’ digestive tracts and hinder them from obtaining necessary nutrients.

More information on selecting the finest dog meals may be found here.

Should I Get A Russian Bear Dog As A Pet?

Are you still considering adopting a Russian bear dog after reading our profile? To making your ultimate selection, consider the following questions.

What City Do You Call Home?

While these dogs may not need a lot of room to wander, cramming them into your city flat may overwhelm both you and them, and you may also cause some anxiety among your neighbors.

They thrive in a spacious house with a fenced-in backyard.

They’ll perform better someplace that doesn’t have a lot of passing foot traffic that isn’t expressly for your house, since they have a propensity to react to strangers.

Are you a dog owner with a lot of experience?

These dogs are stubborn and independent, and they’re large enough to do significant damage if you lose control. As a result, they need the steady guidance of an experienced dog owner.

You probably aren’t the ideal person to be in charge of a Russian bear dog if you don’t know what you’d do if your enormous dog suddenly thought that an innocent stranger was a danger.

What’s Your Way of Life Like?

On a daily basis, Russian bear dogs are really rather low maintenance. Feed them, groom them, and take them for a short walk twice a day, and they should be OK.

They’ll probably be alright if you leave them at home alone for a significant portion of the day, as long as you take the time to interact with them when you’re there.

They’ll like accompanying you on hikes as long as you keep your weight and fitness in check, but don’t expect them to run marathons or leap off cliffs with you. This may be difficult on their joints and isn’t recommended.

Do you have children or pets?

Because accidents can happen, extremely big dogs and very small children should not mix. If a 100-pound dog were to run into your two-year-old, they may cause serious injury.

They are great with older children since they will form a relationship with them and are not exuberant dogs that would jump up and make accidents.

They may be socialized with other animals and trained to regard them as members of the family, but you must start socializing them when they are puppies.

If you’re adopting an adult dog and aren’t sure how they’ll react to other animals, this may be an issue.

Getting A Caucasian Shepherd Dog As A Pet

Because there aren’t many breeders of Caucasian shepherd dogs in the United States, prices are likely to be high. Puppies may range in price from $1,000 to $3,000, depending on availability and demand in your area.

You may also acquire these puppies from Russian kennels, but expect to pay a substantial premium.

Make sure you do your homework on the breeder and that they prioritize the animal’s health.

While adopting from a shady breeder may rescue one animal and place it in a loving home, it just encourages them to continue reproducing in inadequate conditions, perpetuating the cycle of cruelty.

Many individuals who acquire Russian bear dogs later discover that they don’t have the room or knowledge to care for them, thus they end up in rescues and shelters.

Large, possibly violent dogs will be placed with novice owners with caution by rescue organizations.


Is the Tibetan mastiff or the Caucasian shepherd the larger dog?

Tibetan mastiffs are often bigger than Caucasian shepherds. The Caucasian Shepherd may weigh up to 170 pounds, but the latter can only reach a maximum weight of 150 pounds.

Is it true that Caucasian shepherds are slackers?

Yes! While they can climb mountains and sprint long distances when necessary, they prefer to do nothing and laze about if there is nothing to do.

The Final Word

Russian bear dogs, often known as Caucasian shepherd dogs, are gentle giants who may sometimes be ferocious guards.

They’ll sleep for the most of the day and enjoy their families’ companionship, but if they smell danger, they’ll spring into action and have the power and instinct to defend their loved ones–even from wolves and bears.

If you have the room and skill to properly care for them, they may make wonderful family pets.

Just keep in mind that you can’t rely on them to eat healthy and exercise on their own. They need you to be their personal trainer in addition to loving them!

Have you worked with Russian bear dogs before?

In the comments area below, share your ideas with the community.


The “caucasian shepherd dog for sale” is a Russian Bear Dog. They are very loyal and hardworking dogs. They are very smart, but they need to be trained well.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a Caucasian Shepherd a Russian bear dog?

A: A Caucasian Shepherd is a type of dog that originated in Russia. They are sometimes referred to as Russian Bear Dogs or Cossacks.

What breeds make up the Russian bear dog?

A: The Russian Bear Dog is a mix of the Siberian Husky and Alaskan Malamute.

Is the Caucasian Shepherd the strongest dog?

A: This is a difficult question for me to answer. There are so many different types of dogs, it would be unfair to say that one type is stronger than the others.

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