Training your dog on a long leash is difficult and unreliable, making it difficult for you to maintain control. Here are some tips that will help you train your dogs without the use of leashes.

Dogs with good recall are the most reliable dogs. These dogs are able to be trained without the use of a leash and collar, which is useful for off-leash training. Read more in detail here: dogs with good recall.

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Most dogs enjoy exploring the world when off-leash. Our beloved dogs enjoy the freedom of running in a field or on a path. 

However, if your dog isn’t taught to be dependable while off-lead, it may be quite hazardous. Even the best-trained dogs may get themselves into trouble.

So, how do you teach your dog to be effective on voice control while he’s not on a leash? It takes a great deal of preparation, consistency, patience, and management.

In some situations, I’ve successfully taught several dogs to be off-leash. Many of my own dogs have competed in obedience competitions. Several workouts need the dog working off-leash.

Off leash training - dog sitting on mat with leash in front of him.

I’ve even been able to take my dogs to other stimulating situations, such as baseball fields or shopping malls, to learn obedience commands like sit, down, stay, and come, as well as retrieving an obedience dumbbell.

I’m not going to lie to you: it took a long time, a lot of practice, and a lot of patience. But it was well worth it since I knew I could rely on them in ordinary circumstances as well.

However, I am not a supporter of just taking a dog on a walk without a leash. A frequent, enjoyable stroll should enable the dog to take in his surroundings, look about, smell a bit, and enjoy himself. Even if a dog is well-trained, it may be harmful. 

I’ll show you how to teach your dog to be off-leash in this post. I’ll also discuss the dangers of letting your dog off-lead. And there are a lot of factors to consider when considering whether or not you want to give him that much independence. 

Even if you never intend to let your dog off-leash while working with him, it’s still critical to train him to react in the event of an accident. Someone may unintentionally leave a door open, or a dog’s collar may come undone.

  • Off-leash training may be very beneficial for both you and your dog. The freedom to play and explore that it gives is adored by most dogs. You won’t have to be concerned.
  • It does, however, require a great deal of patience, consistency, and effort to attain. Even with the best-trained dogs, there’s always a chance of something bad happening. 
  • There are various elements to consider when considering whether or not your dog is a suitable fit for off-leash training. 
  • Examine if your dog’s disposition allows him to be trusted off-leash. Consider if his hunt or herding drive is too strong for him to be allowed off-leash.

Take into account others and follow the rules

Local or municipal leash rules may stipulate that dogs must be leashed at all times. Fines or citations may be imposed if they are broken.

There may also be requirements that your dog wear identification, which is vital even if there are no rules mandating it. So, if he runs away or gets lost, make sure he has some kind of identification on his collar so he can be found and returned to you. 

Although a microchip isn’t essential, it’s a good idea to get one in case your dog wanders away. Ascertain that his microchip has the most up-to-date information and that it is registered to you.

Dogs may cause fear in certain individuals, particularly youngsters. Even if your dog is really sociable, it is not a good idea to have him approach strangers. 

And it might be damaging to him as well, since some individuals may hurt him if they feel compelled to protect themselves. They could even report you and have him classified as a dangerous dog.

Off-Leash Requirements for Your Dog at a Basic Level

A dog must be even-tempered in order to be properly taught to be off-leash. 

He shouldn’t be reactive or hostile to humans, other animals, or novel items or experiences, of course. He also shouldn’t have any strong hunting or herding instincts. 

He also shouldn’t be noise-sensitive, since he could escape if a frightening noise happens. Off-leash activity may not be appropriate for your dog if he is used to and enjoys straying.

Because of their DNA, even well-trained dogs have certain urges that make them dangerous to be off-lead. And whether or not that specific dog can be trusted off-leash depends on him. Even the most well-trained dogs may get sidetracked while they are out in the open.

Consider your dog’s inherent urges when considering whether or not he is safe off-leash. A terrier like a cairn, Scottie, or westie may be genetically inclined to chase tiny prey like squirrels or rabbits. 

Alternatively, if you have a sporty dog, he may have a strong innate desire to chase down birds. This inherent impulse is common in Goldens and Labs, particularly if they are bred from hunting lines. 

Herding dogs such as shelties, border collies, and Aussies may desire to pursue a variety of fast-moving objects, including runners and people on bicycles or motorbikes. 

Many of these dogs can, of course, be taught to be off-leash in specific situations. Goldens, labs, and certain spaniels, for example, may be taught to flush out game or hunt waterfowl and then return to their handler. 

However, training a dog with such motivations may be more challenging. And dogs with strong innate inclinations may never be dependable when they’re not on a leash.

Off-Leash Dogs Should Know These Basic Commands

All dogs need some kind of training. It allows us to speak with our pets and explain our guidelines to them. Our attachment with our pets is also strengthened via positive reinforcement training. 

However, an off-lead dog’s safety depends on his ability to reliably obey particular orders despite distractions.

Patience and persistence are required for training. Always finish your training session on a high note. When teaching any command, always shout “YES!” (or click if you’re using clicker training) to indicate the desirable action. 

Because we may not always have a clicker with us, I want to train all dogs to react to a spoken reward marker.

Any independence he can gain must be more interesting and gratifying than your attention and reinforcement. 

Start teaching all of the following instructions in your house without any distractions. Practice in various rooms and locations. 

Start working on them outdoors in your yard when your dog has mastered the command without distractions indoors. Then, if your dog has shown to be dependable near your house, begin training on your walks. 

You’ll eventually be able to practice in different places, such as a field or a hiking route. However, before going on to higher-level distractions, make sure your dog is dependable with lower-level distractions.

Use a 20-foot or longer tether, such as a cotton or nylon leash. You want to cling to it at first. 

To avoid injury, do not allow your dog to run away from you at full speed. Hold the line at different intervals, gently releasing more so he realizes his boundaries. 

You could also want to conduct distance training with him when he’s wearing a well-fitted harness that he can’t get out of. If you use a well-fitting collar, be sure not to tug on his neck or he will get wounded if he runs away on it. 

Once you’re sure he’ll be dependable on the long line, simply have him pull it so you can grasp it if necessary. Only do this in an area where the leash cannot become twisted, such as a yard or a field.

Transition to a lighter (but still secure) line after he’s dependable on a regular-weight long-line. Then show your dog that you’ve removed the heavier long-line and replaced it with a lighter long-line. This will determine whether or not he can be trusted to work off-leash.

Your training sessions should be brief, ranging from five to fifteen minutes. During each session, only do a couple of each instruction, always ending on a good, successful note.

The goal of this training is for you to be able to command your dog while he’s not on a leash.

When training outside, ensure sure the space is securely protected with a barrier such as a fence. Also, never train near a congested place or where there is traffic.

Please pay attention!

All dogs should understand the most fundamental command: pay attention to us. If they don’t, any subsequent orders we provide will be ineffective. 

So train your dog to keep an eye on you and listen to you. You can search him up using his name and the “look” command. Hold a reward close to your face at first, then instruct him to look (“Fido, look”). Praise (“YES!”) and reward him when he looks at you. 

When he begins staring at you on the look cue, eventually stop holding the treat near your face and simply note the behavior and give him the reward treat.

PRO-TRAINER TIP: When teaching your dog for off-leash work, use VERY high-value incentive goodies. Cheese or meat are usually high-value goodies. Small treats, approximately the size of a pea, should be used. To come to you, he should be really driven. Before issuing the instruction, make sure you have some special snacks on hand. The timing is crucial. Immediately after the dog exhibits the desired behavior, praise him and give him a treat as a reward.  

Reliable Retrieval

A dependable recall is another life-saving instruction. Your dog must come to you regardless of how distracting the surroundings is if he wants to be safe off-leash. 

Begin indoors, in a distraction-free setting. Say his name and tell him to “come.” As soon as he arrives, praise him (YES!! Good come!!) and give him the reward goodie. 

When he arrives, I recommend giving him a “jackpot” of goodies. As a result, feed him four tiny goodies in a row (not all at once). Giving a jackpot not only makes coming to you more enjoyable, but it also teaches him to stay with you for extended periods of time.

What if he doesn’t approach you right away? Dogs aren’t obstinate. They may not understand what we want or have not been adequately compensated when they arrive. 

Make sure he knows what you want and that coming to see you is enjoyable! Say his name cheerfully and arrive. 

When he stares at you, take a few steps away from him. This will encourage the dog to approach you and get closer to you. 

If all else fails, show him the wonderful snacks you have prepared for him. At initially, this lure is OK to use. But don’t allow him to get too reliant on it. 

Stop presenting the lure treat as soon as he begins coming to you pleasantly and consistently, and simply praise and thank him when he arrives.

Another reason a dog may not come is if he’s had a bad experience in the past when he’s came to you. It is usually a good idea to come to you with a cheerful attitude.

So don’t summon him and don’t do anything that your dog interprets as bad. Baths and nail clipping are two things that most dogs despise. 

They should learn to accept certain situations, but they don’t like them. So don’t call him to you and then give him a bath or cut his nails right away. 

You’ll have to retrain the exercise using a different cue if he’s already learned that the command “come” signifies something bad will happen if he approaches you. 

In the past, the “coming” cue has been poisoned. But don’t give up hope. Simply retrain yourself to use a different word, such as “here.” And this time, when your puppy comes to you, throw it a real celebration.

Another way to encourage most dogs to come while you’re calling them is to run in the other direction while calling them–and even go low on the ground when you stop (as long as you don’t have a dog that leaps on you). 

It adds to the excitement of visiting you. This may be used sometimes while teaching your dog to come to you off-leash and even in an emergency if your dog goes free before learning to come to you consistently off-leash.

You may also play other fun recall games with your dog. After all, a dog is more likely to react to enjoyable training. 

Play memory games with two people. Play hide-and-seek with your dog in your house and gated yard. For his meal, summon him to you. 

Make it a celebration whenever your dog arrives! Praise, reward, and even play are all good things to do from time to time. When your dog approaches you, he should be ecstatic to see what wonderful things await him.

Use high-value sweets that you exclusively use for that activity to begin your memory session. Give him a jackpot at the end of each recall. Whenever possible, refrain from repeating orders.

You may also play additional activities with your dog, such as summoning him from a sit or down stay (assuming his stays are solid). Alternatively, you may send him after a toy, such as his ball, and then call him back. The game then starts all over again. 

You may also include some more complex training tasks, such as teaching him to aim a dog food cover plastic lid from a distance and bring him back to you. 

You may also train him to circle around a tiny empty plastic garbage can or a cone. To begin, entice him around it by moving the reward in a u-turn back to you. 

You may eventually walk farther away and utilize your hand gesture to entice him to do a U-turn back to you. 

You may also perform some fun canine nosework by having him search for a reward or toy that you’ve hidden, then calling him back to you. 

Show him where you’ve hidden it and tell him to go locate it. Once he understands the concept, you can conceal the reward or toy without him noticing. Call him to you once he discovers the thing and praise and reward him!

All of the dogs I train are also taught to conduct an emergency recall. It may be taught in a variety of methods. 

Teaching your dog the meaning of the word “reward” is a popular method among my pupils. You would pronounce the word “treat” in front of your dog before giving him a treat. 

Each training session, do this a few times in a row. After a few days of doing this, say your dog’s name and “TREAT, TREAT, TREAT!!” with joy. 

Praise him for coming to you and offer him a jackpot of goodies when he does.

Do various recalls throughout the day while training so that he learns that coming to you is always enjoyable and rewarding. 

While you’re doing laundry, paying bills, or working on the computer, dial his number. You get my drift. 

It’s important to remember that reinforcement entails more than simply praise and sweets. It’s whatever makes your dog happy, even playing. 

So, when my Aussie mix Millie visits me, we play tug or retrieve since she finds these games to be just as enjoyable as treats. 

You want to reach to the point where your dog will often check in with you even if you don’t call him. 

Ralphie, my Lhasa apso, has discovered that returning my calls is incredibly satisfying. I praise and highly reward him when he returns to me even when I don’t call him. 

Rewarding behavior will repeat itself. On leashed walks with my dogs, I even play a game where I go away a few feet and call my dog back. By doing so, he has become used to turning around and approaching me regardless of where we are.

Leave It!

The command “leave it” is critical for all dogs to understand. However, for an off-leash dog, it may actually save his life. 

When a dog is a long way away, you need to be able to instruct him to leave anything on the ground, an animal, or even a human, and he has to react quickly. 

It’s also crucial to teach your dog to drop everything he picks up. So teach him the instruction “drop it” as well.

Walking on a Long-Leash

All dogs must learn to walk on a loose leash in order to avoid pulling. However, in order for a dog to be let off-leash, he must stay with you when you instruct him to. 

Begin training on a leash. It’s time to enhance his training after he walks beside you while on a leash. 

Going to a light-line is how I shift to off-lead work. Your dog should be wearing two leashes, one of which is a lighter leash that is still strong enough for your dog.

Allow him to watch you remove his usual, heavier leash to determine whether he’s ready to be free. Then carry on walking. 

Is he always there for you? If that’s the case, you may definitely attempt some off-leash walking in a secure location. If not, continue to practice on a leash. 

If you’re going for a loose-leash stroll, make sure there’s enough slack in the leash so your dog doesn’t run about. Also, avoid using a tight leash since he will not get used to walking without being tethered to you (and, many dogs will fight against a tight leash). 

You may also teach your dog a technical heel command, which requires him to stay perfectly close to your left side whether moving or standing stationary.


Any off-leash dog should, of course, be able to maintain a sit or down posture. They should also be taught an emergency down command, which the dog will execute wherever he is when you order him to lay down. 

To begin, educate your dog to lay down immediately when he or she is near you. Tell him to move a foot away from you once he understands the spoken instruction. Gradually increase the distance as he becomes more capable.

Hand Targeting (Touch)

Another technique to urge your dog to pay attention and come to you is to teach him a “touch” command that instructs him to target your hand with his nose.

You may take your show on the road with your orders after you’ve established dependability in recognized circumstances. When enclosed dog parks are unoccupied during off-hours, or when paths are empty, try it. 

Of course, this should be done on a long line. Just make sure you and your dog don’t get caught in the line. With care, use a long line.

As your dog grows more dependable, train in different places. When enclosed playgrounds are unoccupied (and if you’re authorized to use them), go there. New training options may be found in parks, trails, beaches, and friends’ yards. 

You want your dog to understand that he must obey all of his orders no matter where he is.

When deciding whether or not your dog should be off-leash, there are a few things to keep in mind.

You are familiar with your canine companion. Off-leash training might be problematic if he has a strong hunt or herding drive, or if he has wanderlust. 

It may also be dangerous for dogs that have noise phobias or are hyperactive, reactive, or aggressive toward humans, animals, or new objects. 

Of course, you may start in a secure environment, such as a fenced-in yard, and gradually introduce distractions as he gains confidence.

Of course, letting your dog off the leash in any situation carries some danger. However, a dog that has been well-trained in any context and does not have the aforementioned concerns is more likely to be effectively taught to be off-leash. 

Canines that have been well-socialized with new people, dogs, and environments are more likely to be effective off-leash trainers.

Because they haven’t been self-rewarded by such independence, dogs without a history of running away or getting lost are more likely to be effectively taught off-leash.

What Not to Do: This Is Not Something You Should Try at Home

When training, avoid using severe tactics.

Shock collars (sometimes known as e-collars) are sometimes used to teach dogs for off-leash employment. They are harsh and unneeded, in my opinion. They may also have unintended consequences, such as causing a dog to become hostile against whatever he sees or comes into contact with after receiving a shock.


…when he doesn’t show up or doesn’t show up right away. When he eventually arrives, continue to lavish praise and honor on him.

You don’t want him to ignore you when you phone him again. Furthermore, dogs have excellent memory and will recall any unfavorable experiences they have had with you.

Even if you have to catch him, keep it casual and avoid correcting him. Instead, put him in a position to succeed the next time. 

Reduce the number of distractions…

…or bring him closer and show him the goodie lure once again. Retrain the recall after that.


How do you teach a dog to walk without a leash?

To begin, focus on key commands like as attention, loose-leash walking, and a consistent recall on a leash without distractions. Train your dog on a long-line for distance work in the future. When he can manage and succeed with distractions at each level, increase them. Have a lot of patience, too.

Is it possible to teach every dog to walk without a leash?

When off-leash, not all dogs will be reliable in all situations. It all depends on your dog’s personality. When off-leash, a dog that is reactive, aggressive, very sensitive to sounds, or has an excessive prey or herding drive may not be able to be dependable.

How long does it take to teach a dog to go off the leash?

It depends on the particular dog and how his handler teaches him, as it does with any training. It might take weeks or months to achieve true dependability with diverse instructions and in distracting environments.

Last Thoughts

It takes a lot of training, patience, and consistency to teach a dog to be dependable off-leash. However, some dogs may be able to do it effectively. 

Consider your dog’s character, inherent desires, and history when assessing whether or not he is a suitable candidate for being dependable. 

However, all dogs should be taught to come off the leash in the event of an emergency. Just make sure you don’t push your dog past his limits.


Watch This Video-

The “how to train a dog not to run away when off-leash” is important for any dog owner. This article has some tips that can help you teach your dog the right behavior.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to train your dog off leash?

A: One way is to let your dog roam free and wait for them to come back. You can also use a fence like this one .

What is the least effective method to retrieve a dog off leash?

How do I teach my dog to stay with me off leash?

A: When your dog is off leash, make sure to stay close by and watch for any potential dangers. Make it clear that you are the dominant figure in this situation, as shown through body language and eye contact with a firm yet relaxed voice. If things go south, quickly pick up your pet without making any sudden movements or noises, which will scare them away from attacking other animals or humans who may be nearby.

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